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Why does Indian Navy Celebrate Navy Day on December 3rd?

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Indian Navy (Bhāratīya Nau Senā), the maritime arm of the Indian Armed Forces, celebrate Navy Day on 3rd December very year across the country. The observance of the day commemorates the launch of “Operation Trident” by the Indian Navy against Pakistan on 4th December, 1971.

Navy celebrates this day to mark its noteworthy role during the Indo-Pakistan war for bombing of Karachi harbour. Three missile boats of Indian Navy (INS Nipat, INS Nirghat and INS Veer), playing a pivotal role in this operation, sank four Pakistani vessels and destroyed Karachi harbour fuel depots, killing over 500 Pakistani Naval personnel. During the fleet’s return to Mumbai, a sailor climbed up the missile hangar on INS Nipat and wrote ‘Killers’ on it in red paint, which thereafter led to christening of the squadron as ‘The Killers’.

On Navy Day, the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) pays homage to the martyrs by laying a wreath at Amar Jawan Jyoti and then hosts a reception at the Navy House that the President, PM, all Service Chiefs and other dignitaries attend. The Navy also demonstrates and displays march across the country at all major naval bases.

Indian Navy’s raison d’être is to ensure that no hostile maritime power can degrade India’s national security and interests. Its military role includes application of maritime power in offensive operations against enemy forces, territory and trade, and defensive operations to protect own forces, territory and trade. It performs this role through accomplishment of specific military objectives, viz. deterrence against war or intervention, decisive naval victory in case of war, security of India’s territorial integrity, citizens and offshore assets from sea-borne threat, safeguard India’s maritime trade and security. The Indian Navy has organized itself into four commands, namely, Eastern, Western, Southern, and Andaman and Nicobar with headquarters at Vishakapatnam, Mumbai, Kochi and Port Blair respectively.

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